The Tobolsk bone carving was formed due to the huge amount of mammoth ivory in Siberia in the 70s of the 19th century. Also, the formation of bone carving in these environs was served by the traditions of the peoples inhabiting the northern regions of the Ob coast of Western Siberia, carving household items from bone and wood. Bone was used to make sculptures of local residents in traditional dress on sledges, with dogs, bears and reindeer. Khanty – so called the inhabitants of western Siberia. Sculptures were usually made from mammoth ivory. Also in the compositions depicted dwellings – plagues, and sledges – special sleds for movement on reindeer or dogs. Each figure was made separately and attached to the stand with metal pins. Miniature compositions were performed, made of sculptures placed randomly in space, depicting everyday pictures of local residents.

The Tobolsk bone carving was famous for the production of rectangular boxes of strict shapes, decorated with sculptural groups, for example, depicting a ride in a sleigh on deer or dogs.

Later, in addition to sculptures, Tobolsk carvers began to make many other products, for example, paper knives, key rings, and costume decorations. Also, a local landmark, the ancient Tobolsk Kremlin, has become a frequent image made of bones. After the stocks of raw materials were rapidly reduced, the fishery switched to the creation of products from simple animal bone. Tobolsk craftsmen experimented a lot on creating products from simple animal bones, and learned to find cuts, with the help of which it was possible to perform skillful compositional solutions in the creation of sculptures. Despite the fact that the use of simple animal bones is much more difficult for sculptural products, the craftsmen continued to repeat the ancient traditions of their craft. Today, Tobolsk carved bone continues to be famous for its traditional sculptural compositions made of bone.